Why is this medicine prescribed?
Pemigatinib is used in adults who have already received a previous treatment to treat a certain type of cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) that has spread to nearby tissues or other parts of the body and cannot be removed by surgery. Pemigatinib is also used in adults to treat a certain type of myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms (MLN; a type of blood cancer) that has not improved or has come back after other treatment. Pemigatinib is in a class of medications called kinase inhibitors. It works by blocking the action of the abnormal protein that signals cancer cells to multiply. This helps stop or slow the spread of cancer cells.
Are there other uses for this medicine?
This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
How should this medicine be used?
Pemigatinib comes as a tablet to take by mouth. For the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma, it is usually taken with or without food once daily for the first 14 days of a 21-day cycle. The cycle may be repeated as recommended by your doctor. For the treatment of myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms, it is usually taken with or without food once daily for as long as your doctor recommends that you receive treatment. Take pemigatinib at around the same time every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take pemigatinib exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
Swallow the tablets whole; do not split, chew, or crush them.
If you vomit after taking pemigatinib, do not take another dose. Continue your regular dosing schedule.
Your doctor may decrease your dose or temporarily or permanently stop your treatment if you experience certain side effects. This depends on how well the medication works for you and the side effects you experience. Be sure to tell your doctor how you are feeling during your treatment with pemigatinib.
Ask your pharmacist or doctor for a copy of the manufacturer's information for the patient.
What special precautions should I follow?
Before taking pemigatinib,
- tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to pemigatinib, any other medications, or any of the ingredients in pemigatinib tablets. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the ingredients.
- tell your doctor and pharmacist what other prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects.
- the following nonprescription or herbal product may interact with pemigatinib: St. John's Wort. Be sure to let your doctor and pharmacist know that you are taking this medication before you start taking pemigatinib. Do not start this medication while taking pemigatinib without discussing with your healthcare provider.
- tell your doctor if you have trouble swallowing tablets or if you have or have ever had vision or eye problems, high blood levels of phosphate, or kidney or liver disease.
- tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or if you plan on fathering a child. If you are female, you will need to take a pregnancy test before you start treatment and use birth control to prevent pregnancy during your treatment and for at least 1 week after your final dose. If you are a male, you and your partner should use birth control during your treatment and for 1 week after your final dose. Talk to your doctor about birth control methods that you can use during your treatment. If you or your partner become pregnant while taking pemigatinib, call your doctor immediately. Pemigatinib may harm the fetus.
- tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding. You should not breastfeed while you are taking pemigatinib and for 1 week after your final dose.
- you should know that this medication may cause dry eyes. Your doctor may tell you to use artificial tears or lubricant eye drops during your treatment with pemigatinib.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Do not eat large amounts of grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while taking this medication.
What should I do if I forget to take a dose?
If you miss a dose of pemigatinib by less than 4 hours, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it and then take the next dose at the scheduled time. However, if you miss a dose by 4 or more hours, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
What should I do in case of overdose?
In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help . If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can't be awakened, immediately call emergency services at 911.
What side effects can this medicine cause?
Pemigatinib may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- changes in taste
- loss of appetite
- weight loss
- stomach pain
- sores on the lips, mouth, or throat
- dry mouth and/or skin; decreased urination; or fast heartbeat
- nail disorders
- hair loss
- joint or back pain
- burning or painful urination
- pain or swelling of hands, feet, legs or ankles
- nose bleed
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of these symptoms, call your doctor immediately or get emergency medical treatment:
- blurred vision, floaters in the eye, seeing flashes of light, or other changes in vision
- muscle cramps, numbness, or tingling around the mouth
- pale skin, shortness of breath, dizziness, weakness
- redness, swelling, and blistering of the hands and feet
Pemigatinib may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.
If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online ( http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch ) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication?
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).
It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org
Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA's Safe Disposal of Medicines website ( http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p ) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.
What other information should I know?
Keep all appointments with your doctor, eye doctor, and the laboratory. Your doctor will order a lab test before you begin your treatment to see whether your cancer can be treated with pemigatinib. Your doctor will also order certain lab and eye tests before and during your treatment to check your body's response to pemigatinib.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.